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Literary Terminology Guide

Mon Jul 21, 2014, 12:00 PM by IrrevocableFate:iconirrevocablefate:
:iconprojecteducate:
:iconprojecteducate:


Lit Basics Week
This will be a straightforward article that lists some basic literary terms (in alphabetical order) that can be found in, well, literary works. You could use some of these terms to write a spectacular poem or prose piece about cake.

Before we get started, head on over to this other PE article that lists a BUNCH of Poetry Terms and Techniques.






Cake:

An item of soft, sweet food made from a mixture of flour, shortening, eggs, sugar, and other ingredients, baked and often decorated. Also known as the first half of my otp.



Allegory:

A narrative that has multiple layers of meanings. Allegories are written in the form of fables, parables, poems, stories, and almost any other style or genre. The main purpose of an allegory is to tell a story that has characters, a setting, as well as other types of symbols, that have both literal and figurative meanings.



Allusion:

A reference to something well-known that exists outside the literary work.



Antagonist:

Character that is the source of conflict in a literary work.



Archetype:

Archetypes are literary devices that employ the use of a famous concept, person or object to convey a wealth of meaning. Archetypes are immediately identifiable and even though they run the risk of being overused, they are still the best examples of their kind.



Characterization:

The manner in which an author develops characters and their personalities.



Colloquialism / Slang:

A word or phrase that is not formal, typically one used in ordinary or familiar conversation. This is often region specific.



Climax:

The most intense or exciting point in a literary work.



Denotation:

Denotation refers to the use of the dictionary definition or literal meaning of a word.



Denouement:

Literally meaning the action of untying, a denouement is the final outcome of the main complication in a play or story. Usually the climax (the turning point or "crisis") of the work has already occurred by the time the denouement occurs.



Diction:

Word choice to create a specific effect.



Figurative Language:

Language that represents one thing in terms of something dissimilar (non-literal language).  (Includes simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, symbol)



Foil:

A foil is another character in a story who contrasts with the main character, usually to highlight one of their attributes.



Foreshadowing:

A hint or reference of what is to come in a literary work that usually isn't obvious until is has already occurred.



Grammar:

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics.



Genre:

Type or category to which a literary work belongs. Such as science-fiction, romance, and horror.



Imagery:

Language that appeals to the five senses.



Irony:

A literary term referring to how a person, situation, statement, or circumstance is not as it would actually seem. Many times (but not all the time) it is the exact opposite of what it appears to be.



Message:

A significant point or central theme, especially one that has political, social, or moral importance.



Mood:

The atmosphere that is in a literary work that evokes a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.



Narrator:

One who tells a story, the speaker or the “voice” of an oral or written work.



Plot:

The sequence of events in a literary work.



Point of View:

The vantage point or perspective from which a literary work is told. First and third person point of views are the most commonly used.



Protagonist:

The main character in a literary work.



Resolution:

The part of the plot line in which the problem of the story is worked out or resolved.



Setting:

The time and place of a literary work.



Style:

The literary element that describes the ways that the author uses words.



Syntax:

The actual way in which words and sentences are placed together in the writing.



Theme:

A common thread or repeated idea that is incorporated throughout a literary work.



Tense:

A set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the time (and sometimes also the continuance or completeness) of the action in relation to the time of the utterance.



Tone:

An attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Tone is generally conveyed through the choice of words or the viewpoint of a writer on a particular subject.



Voice:

The author's distinct personality, style, or point of view.



Questions:


  • Are the definitions clear enough for you to understand?
  • Did you recognize many of the terms? Which were new to you?
  • Can you come up with an example of some of these terms?
  • Did I miss any important terms? What are they?










Sources:




Lit Basics Week! (Make sure you're watching projecteducate so you don't miss anything.)

:iconcrliterature: :iconprojecteducate:
Add a Comment:
 
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Aug 30, 2014   Writer
<img src="link of image here"> If you're talking about centering them I use <div align="center">img link here</div>


:heart:
Reply
:iconjust-to-look1:
Just-To-Look1 Featured By Owner Aug 30, 2014  Student Traditional Artist
No, I'm talking about how to make those kind of GIFs. I wish I was more specific...
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Aug 30, 2014   Writer
Oh! I don't make them, I find them from sites like tumblr. :)
Reply
:iconjust-to-look1:
Just-To-Look1 Featured By Owner Aug 30, 2014  Student Traditional Artist
Ah.
Reply
:icondragoeniex:
dragoeniex Featured By Owner Aug 7, 2014
Is Neurotype the other half of your OTP? :P 

And I'd suggest listing "connotation," since you've already got "denotation" here. Good article! :) 
Reply
:iconneurotype:
neurotype Featured By Owner Aug 13, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
:eyes:
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Aug 13, 2014   Writer
neurotype is indeed the other half of my otp.

Oh, I can't believe I missed that. :lol:
Reply
:iconneurotype:
neurotype Featured By Owner Aug 13, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
:eyes:
Reply
:iconchloroformboy:
ChloroformBoy Featured By Owner Jul 30, 2014
Good start ! I think that you should also define simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, and symbol because you use them in the example of figurative language without properly defining them.
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2014   Writer
Thanks! Oh those are all excellent suggestions! You are right I used them, but didn't define them. :D There is a poetry basics term guide which already listed them so I didn't add them in, except. However, I think they might need to be added in anyways. 
Reply
:iconmercurycode:
mercurycode Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014
I am guessing there's already a ton of comments about the cake gif. Here's one more:

HOW CAN YOU DO THIS TO ME? It's hard enough to concentrate on work but then the second I saw this mout-watering cake... it was over. Stare  Every bit of concentration has left the building and gone on vacation. Sad dummy

Good god, I just noticed there is a second cake gif at the bottom. Now I will have to go shopping and see people and buy stuff to make Nigella Lawson's Guinnes chocolate cake No, I disagree! Because once you are in cake mode, there is simply no way out of it. Exactly So I might as well adress the challenge. Determined Emote 

Oh, and thanks for the terminology guide! It's very helpful for beginners. Which I'm not, but I love helpful stuff to refer to others.
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2014   Writer
There is. AND I AM SO SORRY BUT I HAD TO. THE CAKE TOLD ME TO. It's really so distracting though, I know, I watched those gifs for at least five minutes straight. Yes, I understand and I am sorry, but cake told me to. You don't disobey the cake.

Oh gosh that sounds delicious. Yes, you might as well. Did you ever make the cake?

You're welcome! Yes, it is very helpful for those who are beginning or those who want a refresher. :D
Reply
:iconmercurycode:
mercurycode Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2014
Youuuuuu shall be forgiven :D Because you got a point here. Never disobey the cake!

Not yet, but my cousin did recently and I tasted it. Got the recipe from her, but it's easily to be found on the internet. It was sooooo delicious, I highly recommend making it. It's rich and dark and has amazing flavour - and then there's this frosting which is just heavenly sweet and luscious. A perfect cake combo!

Do you have a favorite cake recipe?
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2014   Writer
:giggle: Yay, thank you!

Oh wow, yum and yum and yum and yum and yum. I love cake, I really do.

Hm, red velvet, because I rarely get it. :giggle:
Reply
:iconmercurycode:
mercurycode Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014
Red Velvet is awesome! I remember me obsessing over the red velvet cupcakes from my favorite cupcake shop in Vienna. Here in Berlin I haven't checked out the cupcake places yet!
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2014   Writer
Oh my word, that sounds delicious. Haha, you must, cupcakes are delicious! :lol:
Reply
:iconsevenofeleven:
sevenofeleven Featured By Owner Jul 28, 2014
Betty Crocker is best writer!

The cake is not a lie here!
I even got a slice :iconneurotype:

Talk the talk of literary folks and not get pasted by egg yolks.
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2014   Writer
Yum! :drool:
Reply
:iconpinkymccoversong:
PinkyMcCoversong Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2014  Professional Writer
Nice work, lady!
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014   Writer
:heart: Thank you!
Reply
:iconshehrozeameen:
shehrozeameen Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
This will prove to be a viable reference tool when critiquing. Thanks.
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014   Writer
Awesome! Glad you find it useful!
Reply
:iconshehrozeameen:
shehrozeameen Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
:)
Reply
:iconthetaoofchaos:
thetaoofchaos Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
:thumbsup:
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014   Writer
:heart:
Reply
:iconnoru-kinz:
Noru-kinz Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014  Student Digital Artist
Literally 99% of these comments are about the cake XDDD
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
:lol: That is because cake is so wonderful.
Reply
:iconsadisticicecream:
SadisticIceCream Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
Cake. :drool:
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
Yeeeeeees. <3
Reply
:iconastrikos:
Astrikos Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   General Artist
I want some cake! :eager:
Great article!
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
:eager: I would totally give you some!

Thank you! ♥
Reply
:iconastrikos:
Astrikos Featured By Owner Jul 24, 2014   General Artist
 I love ice cream cake! :eager:

:huggle:
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014   Writer
ME TOO. It's delicious!

<3
Reply
:iconastrikos:
Astrikos Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2014   General Artist
OM NOM NOM! :love:
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 31, 2014   Writer
:love:
Reply
:iconastrikos:
Astrikos Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2014   General Artist
:love: :love:
Reply
:iconchichichichipndale:
chichichichipndale Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014  Hobbyist Writer
This entire post was just an excuse to make me hungry.
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
:shifty: Maybe.
Reply
:iconshadowedacolyte:
ShadowedAcolyte Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014
I know, right!?
Reply
:iconpixiepot:
pixiepot Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014  Student General Artist
I am so hungry for cake now. :stare:
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
*gives you cake*
Reply
:iconpixiepot:
pixiepot Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2014  Student General Artist
*receives kindly* :love:
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014   Writer
:love:
Reply
:iconpica-ae:
pica-ae Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
I hate you for the cake :stare: 
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
You mean you love me for the cake. :eyes:
Reply
:iconpica-ae:
pica-ae Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2014  Professional Interface Designer
Oh yeah, that :meow: 
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 29, 2014   Writer
:iconteheplz:
Reply
:iconthemaideninblack:
TheMaidenInBlack Featured By Owner Jul 21, 2014
Amazing, like you.
Reply
:iconirrevocablefate:
IrrevocableFate Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2014   Writer
:blush: Thank you. <3
Reply
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